What we can help out with

Cataract Surgery

Cataracts occur when changes in the lens of the eye cause it to become less transparent. The lens is the crystalline structure that sits just behind your pupil, which is the black circle in the centre of your eye.

When light enters your eye, it passes through the transparent layer of tissue at the front of the eye (the cornea) and the lens, which focuses it on the light-sensitive layer of cells at the back of your eye (the retina).

Cataracts sometimes start to develop in a person’s lens as they get older (age-related cataracts), stopping some of the light reaching the retina. This can affect your vision, making it become increasingly cloudy, blurry, or misty.

Although cataracts are often associated with age, in rare cases babies are born with cataracts or young children can develop them (childhood cataracts).

Colour vision deficiency (colour blindness)
People with colour vision deficiency find it difficult to identify and distinguish between certain colours.

It’s sometimes called being “colour blind”, although total colour blindness (an inability to see any colour) is very rare.

Colour vision deficiency is usually passed on to a child by their parents (inherited) and is present from birth, although sometimes it can develop later in life.

Most people are able to adapt to colour vision deficiency and it’s rarely a sign of anything serious.

Double Vision

Double vision (medically known as diplopia) is seeing two images of a single object. The two images may be one on top of the other, side by side, or a mix of both.

Double vision may be constant, it may come and go, or it may only occur when you’re looking in a particular direction.

The cause of your double vision depends on whether your double vision is coming from one eye (monocular) or both eyes (binocular). This also affects which treatment you receive.

Treatment ranges from special glasses and eye exercises, to surgery to remove a cataract. Read more about treating double vision.

Eye injuries

Eye injuries can occur in many settings, including at home, at work or when playing sports.

Common types of eye injury include:

  • blows to the eye – such as being hit by a fist, elbow or ball
  • scratches and abrasions – such as from fingernails or tree branches
  • foreign bodies – such as small pieces of grit, wood or metal getting in the eye
  • penetrating or cutting injuries – such as cuts from glass or projectiles flung from tools, especially when hammering or using power tools
  • chemical burns – such as exposure to household cleaning products
  • radiation exposure – such as exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light from the sun or sun lamps

Wearing contact lenses incorrectly can also injure your eyes, particularly if they’re dirty, don’t fit properly or have been worn for too long.


Glaucoma is a condition which can affect sight, usually due to build up of pressure within the eye.

Glaucoma often affects both eyes, usually to varying degrees. One eye may develop glaucoma quicker than the other.

The eyeball contains a fluid called aqueous humour which is constantly produced by the eye, with any excess drained though tubes.

Glaucoma develops when the fluid cannot drain properly and pressure builds up, known as the intraocular pressure.

This can damage the optic nerve (which connects the eye to the brain) and the nerve fibres from the retina (the light-sensitive nerve tissue that lines the back of the eye).

Read more information about the causes of glaucoma.


Long-sightedness, also known as hyperopia, affects a person’s ability to see objects close to them.

Vision problems such as long-sightedness are often referred to as refractive errors.

If you are long-sighted, you will usually be able to see distant objects clearly, but nearby objects will be out of focus. Your eyes may also get tired easily.

Read more about the symptoms of long-sightedness.

Lazy eye (amblyopia)

A lazy eye (amblyopia) is a childhood condition where the vision in one eye doesn’t develop properly.

This usually means that the child can see less clearly out of the affected eye and relies more on the “good” eye.

An estimated 1 in 30 to 1 in 50 children will develop a lazy eye. The condition is usually diagnosed around the age of four.

Lazy eye can sometimes affect both eyes, although this is rare.

Short sightedness (myopia)

Short-sightedness, or myopia, is a very common eye condition that causes distant objects to appear blurred, while close objects can be seen clearly.

It’s thought to affect up to one in three people in the UK and is becoming more common.

Short-sightedness can range from mild, where treatment may not be required, to severe, where a person’s vision is significantly affected.

The condition usually starts around puberty and gets gradually worse until the eye is fully grown, but it can also develop in very young children.

Signs that your child may be short-sighted can include:

  • needing to sit near the front of the class at school because they find it difficult to read the whiteboard
  • sitting close to the TV
  • complaining of headaches or tired eyes
  • regularly rubbing their eyes

Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment occurs when the thin lining at the back of your eye called the retina begins to pull away from the blood vessels that supply it with oxygen and nutrients.

Without prompt treatment, it will lead to blindness in the affected eye.

Warning signs and symptoms

Most people will experience warning signs that indicate their retina is at risk of detaching before they lose their sight. These include:

  • the sudden appearance of floaters – black dots, specks or streaks that float across your field of vision (usually only one eye is affected)
  • a cobweb effect of lots of little floaters – others report a single large black floater that looks like a housefly
  • sudden short flashes of light in the affected eye lasting no more than a second
  • blurring or distortion of your vision

Without treatment, sight in the affected eye will start to deteriorate. Most people describe this as a shadow or “black curtain” spreading across their vision.

Retinal detachment usually only occurs in one eye. If your eye is affected, there is an up to one in 10 chance that retinal detachment will happen in your other eye.



A squint (strabismus) is a condition where the eyes point in different directions. 

Squints are common and affect around one in 20 children. They usually develop before five years of age, but can appear later.

Signs and symptoms of a squint

One of your child’s eyes may turn inwards, outwards, upwards or downwards, while the other eye looks forward. Squints may not be constant, and a minor squint isn’t always obvious.

A squint can cause blurred or double vision, but children may not realise there’s a problem.

Left untreated, lazy eye (amblyopia) can develop. This is when the brain starts to ignore signals coming from the eye with the squint.

Get your sight right!

Keeping our eyes healthy

At times we may take our sight for granted but although we hate to admit it, our eyes age along with everything else and without regular care, they can deteriorate rapidly!

It’s also important to mention that you should never be ashamed to admit that your sight is not the same as it use to be. The care and information we provide can be the difference between keeping that sharpness or getting to grips with a pair of contact lenses or introduce you to a brand spanking new pair of spectacles.

Get in touch

Please feel free and confident to give us a ring at any time. We’re always here to help and we know you’ll be glad that you did.

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